what must know when travel in Malaysia

General Information

Malaysia is a country situated in Southeast Asia. It is between Thailand and Singapore. Malaysia is divided into two parts, that is West Malaysia or Peninsula Malaysia and East Malaysia which is on the island of Borneo. West and East Malaysia is about 400 miles apart.

Peninsula Malaysia is again divided into east and west coast by the Main Range (mountain range), known as Banjaran Titiwangsa. It runs from the Malaysian-Thai border in the north right up to the state of Negeri Sembilan.

In East Malaysia, the Crocker Range in Sabah is where the highest peak in South East Asia lies, Mount Kinabalu. The highest point of the mountain is at 4,0952.2 metres above sea level.

Geographical Location
Located between 2º and 7º north of the Equator, Peninsula Malaysia is separated from the states of Sabah and Sarawak by the South China Sea. To the north of Peninsula Malaysia is Thailand while its southern neighbour is Singapore. Sabah and Sarawak are north of Indonesia in Borneo while Sarawak also shares a border with Brunei.
Area 329,758 sq km
Population 26 million
Capital City Kuala Lumpur
Prime Minister Dato’ Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi
Time GMT + 8 hours
Currency RM (Ringgit Malaysia)
Climate Malaysia is hot and humid all year, with temperatures usually between 20 to 30 °C (68-86 °F)
People Malays who make up about 57% of the population are the predominant group with Chinese, Indians and other ethnic groups making up the rest.
Religion Islam is the official religion but all other religions are freely practised.
Government Malaysia is governed by a Parliamentary democracy with a bicameral legislative system. The Head of State is the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong, a position that is awarded to a different State Monarch every five years and the Head of Government is the Prime Minister.
Language Bahasa Malaysia is official language, English, Mandarin, Tamil is spoken widely.
Voltage Voltage is 220 – 240 volts AC at 50 cycles per second.
Standard 3-pin square plugs and sockets
IDD Access Code 0060

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